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ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

What I learned later in life that I didn't fully under­stand earlier is that our culture of service is one of America's great strengths. Volunteerism provides all of us an opportunity to help our neighbours, and to be helped in our own times of need. It helps build stronger communities as people get out of their homes and their offices and work together, shoulder-to-shoulder, getting to know one another and building new friendships.

Today, in this honoured place, we all have chosen free­ly to gather and celebrate our nation's volunteers. Today, we urge our neighbours, our co-workers and our friends to join us in our commitment to this cause greater than ourselves. We ask our leaders in business, education, pol­itics and religion to do the work of leadership — to ask followers to do the right thing and to carry this rich tra­dition of community service into their personal and pro­fessional lives. Most important, we offer our gratitude to all our citizens who put aside personal gain to pursue the welfare of another — whether a mentor to a young child in an inner-city school, or a daughter of the Revolution bringing care and comfort to American patriots on a fro­zen battlefield. It is these Americans who are giving their lives — and have given their lives — that we might choose freely to dedicate our lives in service.

Thank you.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again.

This is the end of the task. You have now 15 seconds to check your answers.

 

Задание 3

Вы услышите разговор между двумя друзьями, Майком и Джоном. Начинает разговор Майк. В заданиях А8—А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранно­му вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Now we are ready to start.

Mike: John, what's wrong? You've been standing there, staring out that window for who knows how long. What could be so bad that it would make you lock eyes on that gloomy patio for an eternity?

John: Leave me alone, Mike. Go back to your music. Mike: I can't work with you standing here, being all glum. The atmosphere's all wrong.

John: Well, excuse me, Mr Composer. Forgive me for disturbing you. I'll just go sit in the dismal patio. I'll fit right in.

Mike: John. Don't be like that. Why don't you do some drawing or painting? That always cheers you up.

John: What's the use anymore? I'm a failure at art. I don't even know why I bother at it anymore. Mike: You have a lot of talent...

John: Not according to the Arts Academy.

Mike: You shouldn't give up after only one try. May­be they ran out of space the first time you applied. Sure­ly you'll make it into the Academy next time.

John: I already tried. They won't even let me into the exams! "Lack of talent," they said. Maybe they're right.

Mike: Then keep trying. Take some more art classes and prepare for the next exams.

John: School was a waste of time. I'm so glad I dropped out.

Mike: I thought you had finished.

John: Why should I? I wanted to be an artist and Mom gave me everything I needed.

Mike: What about Architecture school?

John: That's not real art.

Mike: But, it's a job.

John: Why waste my talent on something like that?

Mike: You need to make a living. Besides, your high school drawing professor was always telling you to be an architect. I heard him mention it to you several times. He said you'd probably be one of the first to be chosen.

John: I want to be an artist.

Mike: Then, be one.

John: But, everyone keeps telling me I can't do it.

Mike: I haven't told you that. I think you have a lot of talent. I know you can do it.

John: Do you really think I can do it?

Mike: Definitely. I know you have it in you to succeed. You have more drive than any other person I've seen in my life. When you set yourself to a goal, you achieve that goal. Once you put your mind on a certain track, you never veer off. You stand firm in your desires. You will succeed, John. And one day, all the world will know the name John Brown. You will be immortal.John: I'll try, Mike. But, I don't want to disappoint you. Mike: I'll be satisfied with whatever you do as long as you do your best.

John: I'll do the best I can.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. This is the end of the task. You have now 15 se­conds to check your answers.

Задание 4

Вы услышите интервью с американским режиссером. В заданиях А8—А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соот­ветствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы ус­лышите запись дважды.

Interviewer: From what I've read and seen here at Skywalker Ranch, it's obvious you're very interested in history. What exactly sparked your interest?

Interviewee: I've always been interested in where we come from, who we are and what's happened; obviously history has some great stories. When I was eight or nine there was a series of books called Landmark Books. I started reading them, and I ended up over the next four or five years with a whole collection — I've got tons of them. It was from reading these history books that I be­came very interested in history — and I never stopped.

Interviewer: Is there anything you wished you had studied, or paid more attention to, or read more about when you were a teenager?Interviewee: Well, I wish that I had enjoyed school more; I was much more interested in the social sciences than mathematics and the language arts, so I wish I had 274 been exposed to more humanities and more history, more psychology and more anthropology.

Interviewer: Who do you think should be the real role models for teens today?

Interviewee: Well, I don't know; obviously there are a lot of historical role models I think people can have.

And the problem today with the media is that they don't spend much time building up heroes. They spend most of their time tearing down heroes so there are not many people left anyone can look up to and say, "This is who I aspire to be."

Interviewer: I want to ask why you think it's so im­portant for people in a society to have something to be­lieve in?

Interviewee: Well, you have to have something to as­pire to, to guide you, that gives you a context in which to live your life. That's why religions were created, that's why the secular world was created. It sets up rules and aspirations and ways of living that you have to have. If you don't have that, and it's not created ar­tificially, nature will create it for you; but since we have minds and we can think, we're constantly curious and willing to figure things out and create new para­digms in which we live to try to improve on, that's the nature of the human beast, which is great because we do have the ability to make things better and see where we're doing things wrong and hopefully learn from that and try to improve it.

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