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ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

Насколько труднее предложенная тематика моно­логического высказывания в задании FCE, чем в зада­нии PET?

Насколько сложно было бы для вас понять речь экзаменатора при ознакомлении с сутью задания FCE?

Какова сложность каждого из тестовых заданий в каждой из сравниваемых экзаменационных ситуа­ций?

Насколько, по вашему мнению, должен быть бога­че языковой репертуар экзаменуемого при выполнении второй части устного теста FCE?

C какими трудностями вы могли бы столкнуться при выполнении второй части FCE? Вам трудно описы­вать и сравнивать именно фотографии? Вам абсолютно незнакомы задания подобного рода и вы могли бы рас­теряться? У вас явно бы не хватило практического вла­дения тематической лексикой и грамматикой для успеш­ного выполнения задания? Или какие-либо другие труд­ности?

Насколько экзаменуемые Алексей и Марина луч­ше или хуже владеют английским языком, чем вы?

Насколько экзаменационная ситуация в целом в задании 2 труднее или легче, чем в задании 1?

Экзаменационная ситуация 1 (Speaking Part 2, FCE)

Examiner: In this part of the test, I'm going to give each of you two photographs. I'd like you to talk about your photographs on your own for about a minute, and also answer a short question about your partner's photographs. Alexei, it's your turn first... Here are your two photographs. They show some young people doing dangerous extreme sport. Please, I'd like you to compare the photographs and say why most people should avoid doing dangerous sport.

 

Aleksei: Extreme sports are becoming more and more popular nowadays. The first photograph is a unique one, because it shows one of the latest extreme sport. I don't know exactly its name in English, but I know that people wear special rather exotic stilts and they can walk, run and even jump on these stilts. For some people it is an extreme sport, for others it is a form of exercise. And as for the boy in the picture it seems to be a means of artistic expression. He looks like a real acrobat, I think he can do a lot of tricks.

In the second picture the man has started jumping from the building. It's also one of the extreme sports. But if free style jumping on stilts has been developed quite recently, jumping with a parachute from buildings, cliffs and bridges has been already known for about half a century. I believe that jumping from buildings is more difficult than jumping on stilts but in both cases a person should be brave and calm in very difficult situations. And it takes much time to become skilful in these activities, especially in case of jumping with parachute from buildings, bridges and cliffs. Both pictures show quite clearly how brave and skilful the boys are in doing these dangerous activities. The photographs show that they are enjoying these activities very much. And they have chosen beautiful and impressive places for demonstrating their skills. The places themselves and the photographer's focus make these pictures very impressive. And it seems to me that pictures like them advertise extreme sports and say that these sports are something safe and cool and everyone can do them. But they are not! These young people's performances are dangerous and stunt! They are not like learning to play chess or drafts, not at all. People with any health problems and who can easily get nervous shouldn't take up an extreme or professional sport. Besides, people should know that they can get seriously injured when practicing extreme sports. It happens all the time. Surely, extreme sports are not for everyone.

Examiner: Thank you. And have you ever done any extreme sport?

Aleksei: No, I haven't. Though these sport activities seem exciting they are not for me. I always prefer watching sports activities than doing any of them. To my regret, I'm not a sporty person, at least now.

Examiner: Thank you. Marina, and here are your photographs.

A.        В.

 

They show people doing a physical exercise. I'd like you to compare the photographs and say how popular you think keeping fit is among modern people.Marina: Well, the girl and the boy are doing an exercise. But if a girl is doing her exercise indoors, the man is exercising outdoors. The first picture shows a girl doing a floor exercise. Perhaps she's doing her morning exercises at home, somewhere in the living room. I think she does her morning exercises every day, because she is slim and she keeps her body in a good shape. I don't think that she goes in for any particular sport, common home exercises are quite enough for her, for feeling healthy and keeping fit. No doubt, she does look healthy and in a good mood. The man in picture B looks more like a sportsman. He has a sporty body and hard leg muscles. It seems to me even that he isn't just roller-skating for pleasure, perhaps, he is a trainer, and now he is showing how to do a particular exercise either to his watchers or to a the person who is recording his movement or taking its picture. In my opinion, both persons can't imagine their life without everyday physical exercises and keeping fit. As for my friends or the people I know, I wouldn't say that many of them do exercises regularly to keep themselves fit. They have never been interested in sports and the idea of exercise doesn't deserve their attention. More than this, they don't understand how people can 'LOVE' exercise and find it odd that people actually do it every day.

Examiner: Thank you. And do you personally always try to live a healthy life?

Marina: I try to. I try not to eat often junk food, I sometimes go to the fitness centre with my mother, I also try to be positive in my life and to avoid stress situations. In other words, I'm on the way to a healthy life style, but it's not easy for me.

Examiner: Thank you.

Задание 2.1

Во многих экзаменационных ситуациях экзаменуе­мому предлагается высказаться на конкретную тему в течение минуты или двух. Просмотрите экзаменацион­ные ситуации и ответьте на вопросы:

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