Книги, учебники и материалы данной библиотеки принадлежат русским и украинским авторам - предназначены исключительно для учебных и ознакомительных целей

ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

It wasn't meant to happen like this. The climate sci­entists told us that our winters would become wetter and our summers drier. So I can't claim that these floods were caused by climate change, or are even consistent with the models. But, like the ghost of Christmas yet to come, they offer us a glimpse of the possible winter world we'll inhabit.

Dozens of new books appear to provide an answer: we can save the world by embracing "better, greener life­styles". Last week, for example, the Guardian published an extract of the new book by Sheherazade Goldsmith, who is married to the very rich environmentalist Zac, in which she teaches us to live within nature's limits. It's easy: just make your own bread, butter, cheese, jam, chutneys and pickles, keep a milking cow, a few pigs, goats, geese, ducks, chickens, beehives, gardens and or­chards. Well, what are you waiting for?

Green consumerism is becoming a pox on the planet. If it merely swapped the damaging goods we buy for less damaging ones, I would champion it. But two parallel markets are developing: one for unethical products and one for ethical products, and the expansion of the second does little to hinder the growth of the first. Ethical shop­ping is in danger of becoming another signifier of social status. I have met people who have bought solar panels and mini-wind turbines before they have insulated their lofts: partly because they love gadgets, but partly, I sus­pect, because everyone can then see how conscientious (and how rich) they are. We are often told that buying such products encourages us to think more widely about environmental challenges, but it is just as likely to be depoliticising. Green consumerism is another form of at- omisation — a substitute for collective action. No politi­cal challenge can be met by shopping.

Задание 5

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номера­ми А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22— А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты отве­тов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Marsden Hartley's Lincoln Portraits

In 1940 Hartley produced two portraits of Lincoln, Young Worshipper of the Truth and Weary of the Truth, and a poem, "A. Lincoln—Odd, or Even". Another poem, written presumably about the same time, "American

Icon—Lincoln", was A22      until 1945. In 1942,

just one year before his death, he A23      Lincoln

again in The Great Good Man. These multiple engage­ments with Lincoln betray Hartley's intense affection A24     and devotion to his subject. After complet­ing the last A25          he admitted: "I am simply

dead in love with that man." It A26              some im­portant questions: Why would Hartley fall "dead in love" with Lincoln, one of America's most familiar and revered icons? And why did an artist best known during his life­time, and many years thereafter, for his accomplishments

in abstract art turn his brush A27     a figurative

depiction of such a popular leader? His late works are filled, after all, with images of individuals — mostly men — whom he A28          . Although one should eas­ily understand how Hartley — like so many others — might be inspired by the president's legendary character.

A22. 1) created         3) unpublished

2) published   4) written

 

Задание 5.1

Сравните трудность для вашего понимания текста, данного ниже, с текстом в задании 5. Найдите в тексте, данном ниже, фразовые глаголы и попытайтесь найти их эквиваленты среди следующих глаголов: change, dis­miss, employ, explode, make, make use of, decorate, connect, open.

Проверьте ваши догадки по словарю. Скажите, на­сколько возможно, на ваш взгляд, понять значение фразового глагола в связном тексте.

It sounds like a bomb has gone off in the house next door. No, it hasn't. It's Sunday and all the neighbours are at it again. Miss Brown is turning out her living room. Mr Smith is laying on an electricity supply to his greenhouse. His plants must be getting cold. Even Mrs Spencer, the piano teacher, has turned to car maintenance for the day.Mr Hill is really organised. He's taken on a team of builders to extend his downstairs bathroom. I hope he's got planning permission. Last week, the same team were doing up his kitchen. He lays them off from Monday to Saturday and then on the day of rest they're all at it again. Whatever happened to quiet contemplation? God took almost a week to build heaven and earth, but the people in this street think they can do it in a day! No wonder church attendances are falling! This great country of ours no longer turns out good Christians. Everybody's too busy putting up garden sheds or adding rooms to their properties to put up invisible guests. If a bomb re­ally went off next door, nobody would call the fire bri­gade. Mr Hill and his team would just turn on the near­est fire hydrant and they would put it out themselves. Come to think of it, I could probably do with one of these amateur teams. My washing machine has just given out. Damn, it's Sunday... I'll have to wait till tomorrow before I can call out the service engineer.

Задание 6

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номера­ми А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22— А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты отве­тов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Cycling Tours

Cycling tours have been enjoying something of a re­vival in recent years — and with the increasing awareness of the cost to the environment of traditional holiday trav­el, their popularity is building amongst a growing number of people who are rediscovering the fun to be had with bikes. Whether you're looking A22              a little gen­tle cycling, or something more vigorous and challenging, from touring the British countryside to somewhere much further a-field there's sure to be something to suit — whatever your level of experience or budget.

Obviously, it's A23    to you where you go andwhat you choose to visit along the way. This obviously 124 provides the greatest flexibility and it's certainly hard to beat as the ultimate in literally free-wheeling holiday ad­ventures. However, while this idea has a lot going for it A24              Britain and familiar European destina­tions, most people who are planning on venturing a bit more off the beaten track tend to opt for one of the many

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