Книги, учебники и материалы данной библиотеки принадлежат русским и украинским авторам - предназначены исключительно для учебных и ознакомительных целей

ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий


B13. It helps educate the traveller; pro­vides funds for conservation; direct­ly benefits the economic          


and political empowerment of local communities; and fosters respect for different cultures and for human rights.

B14. Ecotourism is a conceptual experi­ence, enriching those who delve into researching and understanding the environment around them. It gives us insight into our impacts, as human

beings and also a greater   


of our own natural habitats.

B15. Some companies specialize in eco- tourism, designing their trips to be

            , culturally and

socially friendly.

B16. Some tour operators are keenly aware of the impacts that they may have on specific areas and rotate cli­ents around to       sites

for snorkeling, bird watching, and other activities. Others are just be­ginning to see the advantage of "green" travel destinations.

Задание 6.1

Выполните задания В4—В10 и В11—B16 из раздела «Лексика и грамматика» ЕГЭ текущего года по англий­скому языку, точно замерив время, необходимое для выполнения каждого из них.

Считаете ли вы, что на их выполнение можно потра­тить 15 минут из 30 минут, которые отводятся на выпол­нение всех заданий раздела «Лексика и грамматика»?

Задания группы А22—А28 Задание 1

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22— А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты отве­тов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Travelling in the Past in Comfort!

In many ways this journey follows much the same route as that made by D. H. Lawrence some 80 years ago

when he A22              from Agaba across Sinai and



Suez to Cairo. Then the route by camel took a long time

but today A23             highways and hydrofoil

services across the Red Sea have A24    so that

journey time was considerably reduced. Most of us today

do not know A25       about the conditions under

which people travelled in the past. In those times travel­lers' accounts generally omitted detailed A26       of

the state of roads, the discomfort of a carriage or a coach, or the harshness of a landscape, even though these formed the everyday reality of travel for most people. But now we can afford ourselves travelling in comfort.

We have thought for several years that three great sights of the Middle East should be linked together in the

list of the places recommended to visit on a A27 .

This itinerary now has all the advantages of a moderate tariff, the use of scheduled flights and the possibility of flying first into Amman and returning directly from Cai­ro without retracing our steps. DAY 1 — depart from London Heathrow in the evening. DAY 2 — on arrival in the morning transfer to the Petra Forum Hotel for a

A28      of two nights. DAY 3 — full-day excursion

to St Catherine's Monastery.


Задание 1.1

На материале какой темы построено это задание?

Для каких целей этот текст был написан?

Проверяются ли в нем ваши лексические знания по данной теме? Если да, дайте примеры из таблицы.

Проверяются ли ваши знания по общеупотреби­тельной лексике?

Необходимы ли вам знания в отношении синони­мичных слов, используемых в рамках изучаемых вами тем или вне их?

Какие лексико-грамматические знания нужны, чтобы выбрать правильный ответ в А25?

В каких случаях только понимание контекста упот­ребления слова вам помогло правильно выбрать ответ?

Задание 2

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номера­ми А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22— А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты отве­тов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Building Family Strengths

As a child, what family rituals or traditions did you have? Did your parent read you a story every night be­fore going to bed? Did your family gather at your grand­parents' home for a special holiday A22            ?

What family traditions have you carried on or begun? Does your family make a point to have dinner together or make cookies together for the holiday?

Family rituals and traditions are special ways of doing things that we repeat over and over again.

Traditions give the family stability and a feeling of belonging. Values and beliefs are often reinforced A23              our traditions.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends shared dinner times as often as possible as a way to strengthen families. Here are some interesting ideas for getting your family to the table. Make it a family prior­ity to A24             meals. Every family member

should make the commitment and stick to it.

Declare shared meals to be "sacred" family time. Set

a beginning and A25             time and devote the

meal to talking and having fun as a family. Be flexible about when, where and what. Shared meals don't have to be fancy. The food can be from the freezer or from a restaurant. If one parent or child can't make it

A26     later in the evening, have a healthy snack

so that the meal can be put off until everyone is home. Make some meals fun and creative.

Sometimes, trying something different can have sur­prising results. You may even invent family traditions such as a family picnic night where simple meals can be

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