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ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

What is Global Warming?

В4. Climate change, specifically global warm­ing,            the attention of peo- CAPTURE

ple worldwide.

В5. It   more debate and ac- INSPIRE

tion — personal, political and corpo­rate — than perhaps any other environ­mental issue in history.

В6. Global warming is the worldwide warm­ing of the atmosphere. Governments, cor­porations, and individuals around the

world    the reality of DEBATE

global warming, and have already started working on solutions.

В7. Global warming  by the

increases in the amount of carbon dioxide and other gases being released into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels. These gases add to the natural greenhouse effect.

В8. In future the effects of global warming in the 21st century    in ev­ery region and at all levels of society.

В9. They         to be disastrous, accord­ing to the summary of a scientific report issued on April 6, 2007 by the world's leading panel of climate change scientists. And many of those changes are already under way.

В10. For example, sea levels will rise due to the melting of the ice caps. This will

cause              in many low-lying area

of the world. These areas include Bangla­desh, East Anglia (England) and The Netherlands.

Задание 3.1

CAUSE

FEEL EXPECT

FLOOD

Вспомните, как нужно писать ответы в бланке от­ветов № 1, и напишите их в таблице ниже именно по правилам.

Задание 4

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, что­бы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­ста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.

What Are Some Environmental Problems?

В4. Environmental problems can   FIND

in all areas of the world. Some affect the water, others affect the air, and still oth­ers affect the land and the animals. Many environmental problems can be reduced through corrective actions or proactive measures.

В5. Water pollution is a prominent environ­mental problem witnessed across the globe.

In some cases, water pollution        OCCUR

when pollutants drain into rivers, streams, lakes, and other bodies of water. Pollut­ants can be in the form of chemicals from fertilizers, pesticides, oil, gasoline, anti­freeze, and even mulch or dirt.

В6. Air pollution is another environmental

problem that throughout the           SEE

world. Air pollution can be created by factories or companies that release pollut­ants into the air.

В7. Oftentimes, the air pollutants may origi­nate in one country and can easily blow across the border and pollute another

air.       COUNTRY

B8. Environmental problems can also include the well-being of threatened or endan­gered animals. For example, in the Unit­ed States, logging of forest land is de­stroying the habitat of the Northern Spotted Owl, a threatened species. In Central and South America, the rainfor­ests       to make room for farming. DESTROY

B9. Global warming is another environmental problem. Greenhouse gases, such as car­bon dioxide, are emitted into the atmo­sphere and are destroying the ozone lay­er,          the earth to reach high CAUSE

temperatures.

B10. Taking steps, such as              car- REDUCE

bon emissions, can lessen this problem — according to some scientists. Using elec­tric or hydrogen powered vehicles, solar power and wind power can also work to greatly reduce carbon emissions, as well as reduce dependence on non-renewable resources and foreign oil.

Задания 4.1

Напишите ваши ответы в таблице ниже по правилам их написания в бланке ответов № 1.

 

Задание 5

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, что­бы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­ста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.

Cheerful Music "Can Make Everyone Around You Look Happy"

B4. Llistening to cheerful music does not only improve your mood, it makes you think everyone else around you is happy as well, according to research. The effect takes just a fraction of a second and can

happen without us even       AWARE

of it, the study reveals.

B5. The finding was made by psychologists at Goldsmiths, University of London, after a series of experiments on students. In the tests, the volunteers listened to 15 second clips of music and their reactions to photographs of a variety of faces

.           RECORD

B6. The researchers used 120 different ex­cerpts of instrumental pop, classical and jazz muzic. After each piece was played, the students were asked to rate the mood of the faces in the pictures. Results showed that happy music "significantly enhanced the perceived happiness of a face." Further studies of the volunteers'

brain waves    that the effect of REVEAL

the music was almost instantaneous. It took just 50 milliseconds for changes to

take place — too fast to be under our conscious control. Similarly, listening to depressing music made sad faces appear more miserable.

В7. These new findings on the same subject-

matter             in the journal Neuro- PUBLISH

science Letters.

В8. One of authors, Dr Joydeep Bhattacha- rya, described these results as "striking", especially in the way an emotionless face was rated happier after a burst of uplift­ing music. He       for more research

to discover how environmental sounds, such as background music in supermar­kets, affected our emotions.

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