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ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

Секция VI. ТРЕНИРОВОЧНЫЕ ЗАДАНИЯ К РАЗДЕЛУ «ЛЕКСИКА И ГРАММАТИКА»

Задания группы В4—В10 Задание 1

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, что­бы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­ста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.

 What Should I Do or Not Do When I Am Eating in Britain?

В4. The British generally pay a lot of atten­tion to good table manners. Even young

children          to eat properly

with knife and fork. Here are rules you should follow. We eat most of our food with cutlery. The foods we don't eat with a knife, fork or spoon include sandwiches, crisps, corn on the cob, and fruit. If you cannot eat a certain type of food or have some spe­cial needs, tell your host several days be­fore the dinner party.

EXPECT

SHALL

В5. If you are a guest, it is polite to wait un­til your host starts eating or indicates you              do so. It shows con­sideration.You may eat chicken and pizza with your fingers if you are at a barbecue, finger buffet or very informal setting. Other­wise always use a knife and fork.

В6. Always say thank you when served some­thing. It shows appreciation. It is ok to pour your own drink when eat­ing with other people, but it is

             to offer pouring drinks to POLITE

the people sitting on either side of you. When eating rolls, break off a piece of bread before buttering. Eating it whole looks tacky.

SERVE

В7. When you have finished eating, and to let others know that you have, place your knife and fork together, with the prongs (tines) on the fork facing up­wards, on your plate. In a restaurant, it is normal to pay for your food by put­ting your money on the plate the bill              on.      COME

В8. There are some things that you shouldn't do. It is impolite to start eating before

everyone         unless

TAKE

your host says that you don't need to wait.

В9. Never chew with your mouth open. No one wants to see food being chewed or hearing it being chomped on. Never talk with food in your mouth. Never slurp your food or eat noisily. But what to say if accidentally, you

             too much food and you

cannot possibly eat it all?

B10. Say: "I'm sorry, but it seems that my

eyes are          than my stomach" or           BIG

"I'm sorry. It was so delicious but I am full." The main thing is not to offend your host.

Задание 2

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, что­бы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­ста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.

English Country Houses

B4. What is a country house and why does it deserve a special mention in this history of Britain? The country houses of Eng­land have evolved over the last 500 years. The term "country house" is practically synonymous with "historic house". The English country house is generally ac­cepted as a large house or mansion. The heyday of the country house was the 18th century, and most of the examples that survive              from this period.       BE

B5. The country house as a style of building rose up in the relative peace and prosper­ity of the Tudor age. Country houses not

only displayed the      fashion- OWNER

able and cultivated tastes, but were the centre of a vast landed estate, providing employment to hundreds.

В6. Many country houses are worth

             just for a chance to  VISIT

experience the magnificent gar­dens that surround them.

В7. The predominant style of the ear­ly 18th century was Palladian, based on the classical designs of Andreas Palladio. What

             a Palladian country  MAKE

house? Generally, they were situ­ated on rising ground, with gar­dens stretching up to the "back door" from parkland below. They were classical in style, with a large central portico and strong vertical lines on the exterior. It was in the interior that these country houses really shone, how­ever.

В8. Later in the 18th century design

became more refined. There                      BE

a passing fashion for Chinese ele­ments in decoration, but on the whole the inspiration was still classical Roman and Greek, fos­tered by the newly excavated re­mains of buildings at Pompeii.

В9. This "Classical Revival" period

            by superb craftsman- CHARACTERISE

ship and design. From the founda­tions to the tiniest detail of deco­ration you can see sophisticated, elegant excellence.

В10. Among the best country houses of this later period is Harewood House, home to the Queen's cousin, the Earl of Harewood,

            a great day out for all the family. PROVIDE

It is set in spectacular landscaped grounds, which include formal gardens and gentle woodland walks, a Bhutanese Stupa, wa­terfall and Himalayan Garden.

Задание З

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, что­бы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­ста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.

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