Книги, учебники и материалы данной библиотеки принадлежат русским и украинским авторам - предназначены исключительно для учебных и ознакомительных целей

ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

These results raise concerns because inactivity in childhood can influence activity patterns as an adult, and because inactive children risk health problems in later life. Some researchers believe that inactivity patterns, do tend to track from childhood to adulthood where inactiv­ity is a risk factor for obesity and heart disease. Thus the lack of physical activity and appropriate nutrition in childhood has serious consequences. Meanwhile there are many benefits of regular physical activity for children. Daily physical activity helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles, and joints; helps control weight, build lean muscle, and reduce fat; prevents or delays the de­velopment of high blood pressure; reduces feelings of de­pression and anxiety; and through its effects on mental health, physical activity may help increase students' ca­pacity for learning. Regular physical activity has long been regarded as an important component of a healthy lifestyle.

Parents should encourage their children to partici­pate in physical activity, provide opportunities for them to participate in physical activity, participate with them in these physical activities. It is also impor­tant that parents, particularly mothers, provided a good role model. As for teenagers, they should incor­porate physical activity into their daily routine (e.g., by walking or biking rather than riding in; by taking the stairs rather than using the elevator or escalator; by doing chores that require effort, such as vacuuming and mowing the lawn).

If modern society is to change to one that is more physically active, health organizations and educational institutions must communicate to the public the amounts and types of physical activity that are needed to prevent disease and promote health. These organizations and in­stitutions, communities, and individuals must also imple­ment effective strategies that promote the adoption of physically active lifestyles.

A15. The article characterises the children's life in modern so­ciety as:

intellectually demanding;

technologically attractive;

involving little exercise;

rich in dangerous adventures.

A16. The article suggests that one of the reasons for girls being

less physically active than boys is the following:

by nature girls are not so physically strong as boys are;

parents are usually more over-protective of girls than of boys;

there is not much physical activity in girls' dai­ly routine;

girls often prefer TV watching to doing physical exercises.

A17. The article says that physical inactivity in childhood:

does not make a negative impact on a person's life as an adult;

deprive children of enjoyable childhood and healthy lifestyle;

influences children's academic achievements and performance;

causes serious healthy problems when children reach adulthood.

A18. From the writer's point of view, parents should:

tell their kids what games their parents played in their childhood and in their teenage time;

discuss the importance of different physical ac­tivities for their development and health;

be physically active themselves and let their chil­dren participate with them in different physical activities;

encourage children to find those physical activi­ties which they will enjoy most of all.

A19. This article says that it is the children from well-to-do fam­ilies who:

as a rule participate in physical activities with their parents;

are not enough involved in physical activities at home;

like such activities as walking, biking, skating or dancing;

are always brought up to be in a very good phys­ical shape.

A20. This article suggests that if teenagers are involved in phys­ical activities on a regular basis, they will:

make their relationship with their parents much better;

discover activities accessible to all young people;

improve their school performance;

prepare them for lifelong physical fitness.

A21. This article mostly aims at:

finding people who could invest money in recre­ational facilities offering activities that are at­tractive to all young people;

suggesting some new ideas about effective ways of monitoring youth physical activity and fitness in the UK;

suggesting what should be done by all health pro­viders to promote better health through physical activity in society;

describing community sports and recreation pro­grams that are effective for all young people.Задание 2

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15—А21. В каж­дом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответству­ющую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

I was born in Brighton, but spent my early life in Kenya, although later I returned to England, where I was brought up in Barcombe, East Sussex. My father was a university professor, but I went to the local comprehen­sive. In the summer of 1991, after completing the rigours of A-levels, I dreamt about a carefree year travelling the world. If anything was furthest from my mind, it was journalism. However, the job I took instead of sightsee­ing, in the office of Neil Kinnock, inspired me to join the industry in which I'm now so well-known.

Working as an office skivvy for the Labour leader, I was the complete junior — doing every task from making the tea to delivering letters to Downing Street. People are surprised that I didn't end up pursuing a political career, but witnessing the machinations of our democracy in ac­tion was not as stimulating as mixing with the press, as I assisted in the 1992 election organisation. Before then, I hadn't even contemplated a career in journalism. But then the bug bit me. My studies had previously been all- consuming, but when I eventually started at Oxford I in­stigated the search for a route into broadcasting.During the university holidays I sought as much ex­perience as possible, but with difficulty, only finding work in the BBC secretarial pool and finding a job after graduating wasn't any easier, so while I was firing off hundreds of letters to TV firms begging for advice, I went on the dole. I could only find myself working in a succession of mundane jobs, including one which involved daily trips to the nearest supermarket to buy ingredients for the salad lunch of the managing director of a tempo­rary employment agency for whom I worked as a person­al assistant. I remember this period of my working life 68 as the unhappiest. I felt 'demoralised' and 'a failure', particularly as many Oxford friends had secured top jobs via the milk round. The letters I received declining my applications for work I still keep in a box underneath my bed. But I went on writing letters of application. One re­spondent to my pleas was Jill Dando, who actually took the trouble to call me and invite me for coffee. She gave me the most inspirational piece of advice for an aspiring presenter: always believe in yourself and never take rejec­tion personally.

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