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ЕГЭ 2015. Английский язык. Сборник заданий

Задание 2

В2. Установите соответствие между заголовками А—Н и текстами 1—7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Ис­пользуйте каждую букву только один раз. Один из этих заголовков лишний.

Nearest Future for Mobile Phones.

Leave the Skies Phone-Free.

Country Users Are in Danger.

New Mobile Life on the Plane.

The Mobile Phone as a City Guide.

Phones to Guide Your Home.

Recommendations to Mobile Users.

No Healthy Risks from Mobiles.

Mobile phones may pose a risk to rural dwellers because they emit more intense signals in the countryside, Swedish scientists said yesterday. A recent study found no extra risk of brain tu­mours for people who lived in cities but up to three times greater risk for country dwellers. One possible explanation, Dr Hardell said, was the adaptive power control systems used in mo­bile phones to adjust power output. In the coun­tryside, where base stations are further apart, the phones operate at higher power levels.

2. New mobile technologies will be able to guide motorists around traffic jams and deliver infor­mation about restaurants and other services in­stantly over the phone, writes Dick Ahlstrom, Science Editor. Strongly multi-disciplinary and involving a collection of third-level institutions and companies, the project will integrate data from Geographical Information Systems (GIS) such as the orbiting Global Positioning System with the wealth of information already available from other data-producing systems, from CCTV to sensors. A real-time 3D computer representa­tion of an area could help guide a visually im­paired person safely through a given space.

It has not been conclusively proven that mobiles present enough of a health risk to discourage their usage, especially when so much of social interaction and business is conducted on them. Furthermore, the World Health Organisation has concluded from research that it is exceptionally unlikely that radiation from mobiles is respon­sible for headaches and similar complaints that have previously been attributed to it. However, most people believe that they are unlikely to suf­fer from long-term harm from using mobiles.

Brian Nadel, writing in Computerworld maga­zine, discussed the "more daring and more per­sonal" approach to designing mobiles with a host of industry members. "In a couple of years," he says, "we may see the Packet phone that folds into a five square-centimetre package, while technology available in three or four years in­cludes a double-sided touch screen camera phone designed in China. Predictions have also been made for phones that recharge using solar power or users' kinetic energy."

Most pieces of advice on the healthy use of mo­biles focus on reducing contact with the body entirely. It is also wise to increase the proxim­ity of your head to your mobiles. As mobiles use microwaves and can heat up the head and eyes somewhat, there are concerns that mobiles may potentially be able to cause early cataracts, al­though many sources believe this to be unlikely. You could use speakerphone to keep your mo­biles away from your head, although you must be aware that this could be very impolite in public.

6. Passengers could soon be using their mobile phones on planes flying through European air­space. Plans have been developed across EU coun­tries to introduce technology which permits mo­bile calls without risk of interference with air­craft systems. Regulators around Europe are calling for consultation on the potential intro­duction of the technology. If given the go ahead, the service would allow calls to be made when a plane is more than 3,000 metres high.

7. The prospect that mobile phones might be used on planes is horrifying. One has only got to lis­ten to some of the mainly irrelevant calls which take place on public transport to be very con­cerned at the prospect of mobile phones being used on planes.

The phone users will be competing with engine noise and it is likely they will have to speak loudly. It is all a recipe for air rage and hope­fully with sufficient opposition it will not go ahead.

Задание 3

В2. Установите соответствие между заголовками А—Н и текстами 1—7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Ис­пользуйте каждую букву только один раз. Один из этих заголовков лишний.

Culturally-Educated Traveller is a Must Today.

All-Inclusive Holiday Is Worth Trying. ^ Getting the Most out of the Dollar.

What Is the Best Way of Learning Languages.

School in the Past, a Fantastic Holiday Place at Present.

Staying in Touch While Travelling.

How to Stay Fit While Travelling.

Learning Languages and Travelling Abroad.

When we are travelling abroad, we are missing those who are left at home. Before the Internet era every traveller couldn't avoid the trap of nostalgia for home, relatives and friends. Nowa­days the situation is quite different. You can easily tell the mother you're still alive just by e-mail. Nearly each of us has a mobile, and for 20 dollars extra month, you can have all unlim­ited texting and e-mailing from the country that you're visiting. If you're going to be gone for an extended period of time, get a cell phone there. You can easily buy chips for each individual country and you can use that cell phone for years. It seems to be quite convenient and rela­tively affordable. Also, go online. Internet cafes are ubiquitous. You can track your travel route with bootsandall.com sites like that where you can actually map out where you're going and send pictures to people.

2. Nearly all of us speak English more or less. But if you're exploring even today's modern world, don't expect everybody to know English. So it may be nice from a cultural standpoint to learn a few words in the language spoken in the coun­try that you are going to visit. It doesn't mean that you have to be fluent in a language. You can pick yourself up some tapes, and while you're going somewhere by bus or the underground or on foot, learn a little bit about this new lan­guage. You can also learn about language conver­sation on the Internet. And if you learn a little bit about the language before you go to a par­ticular country, you'll find out that this will give you a tremendous courtesy ability there.

Just saying something in French, for instance, will be very helpful if you're going to visit any French-speaking country.

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